Following the initial success revising the Interstate Compact for Supervision of Parolees and Probationers (revised into the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision), the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) pursued a similar rewrite of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles. In 1999, OJJDP conducted a detailed survey which uncovered a number of contentious issues within the Compact's structure.
Along with the Council of State Governments (CSG), OJJDP determined that a revision of the existing compact as the only option for long-term change. In 2011, CSG worked with OJJDP and the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators (AJCA) to develop and facilitate a drafting team of state officials to begin the design of a revised juvenile compact.
In 2002 after finalizing the Compact's language, an educational campaign began to help state's policymakers better appreciate and understand the need for a new Compact. By 2003, the new Juvenile Compact became available for introduction in the states. Throughout that year, twelve states adopted the revised Compact.
The new Compact reached its thirty-five state threshold when Tennessee and Illinois enacted in 2008, allowing for transition and operational activities to commence. Since the first Commission meeting in December of 2008, every state and two territories have joined the new Compact with the exception of Georgia.