Juveniles Eligible for ICJ

The Interstate Compact for Juveniles applies to all juveniles subject to some form of supervision. Categories of juveniles under supervision are:

Accused Delinquent: a person charged with an offense that, if committed by an adult, would be a criminal offense

Adjudicated Delinquent : a person found to have committed an offense, that if committed by an adult, would be a criminal offense.

Accused Status Offender : a person charged with an offense that would not be a criminal offense if committed by an adult. 

Adjudicated Status Offender : a person found to have committed an offense that would not be a criminal offense if committed by an adult.

Non-Offender : a person in need of supervision who has not been accused or adjudicated a status offender or delinquent.

Things to Remember:

  • A juvenile is not subject to the ICJ if no court-ordered supervision is imposed
  • Individual state laws where an offense occurs determine if the juvenile falls under the ICJ
  • A juvenile delinquent covered by the ICJ does not limit the extradition powers of the states


References:

ICJ Bench Book: Section 3.2
The Interstate Compact for Juveniles: Article I
ICJ Advisory Opinion 02-2011