Age Matrix

The age matrix provides information on each state's age of majority, the age at which a juvenile can be prosecuted as an adult, and the maximum age of probation and parole. To update your state's information, email the national office.

Definitions of Age Matrix Terms:

Age of Criminal Responsibility/Majority - Age which any offense automatically subjects an individual to adult court jurisdiction.

Age Juvenile Case Can Be Transferred to Adult Court  -  Minimum age in which a juvenile can have their case transferred and be prosecuted as an adult. 

 

State Civil Age of Majority Age of Criminal Responsibility/Majority Age Juvenile Case Can Be Transferred to Adult Court Maximum Parole Age Maximum Probation Age
Alabama 19 21 21
Alaska 18 18 18
Arizona 18 18 18
Arkansas 18 Contact ICJ Office Contact ICJ Office
California 18 23 (25 for juveniles committed prior to 7/1/2012) 21
Colorado 18 21 Open Age - "If a crime is committed as a juvenile, the offender will be placed on Juvenile Probation regardless of the age when adjudicated."
Connecticut 18 19 17
Delaware 18 19 19
District of Columbia 18 21 21
Florida 18 21 19
Georgia 18 21 21
Hawaii 18 20 20
Idaho 18 21 21
Illinois 18 21 21
Indiana 18 21 21
Iowa 18 18 18
Kansas 18 23 23
Kentucky 18 21 21
Louisiana 17 21 21
Maine 18 21 21
Maryland 21 21 21
Massachusetts 18 21 21
Michigan 18 21 21
Minnesota 18 21 21
Mississippi 18 20 20
Missouri 18 18 21
Montana 18 18 25
Nebraska 19 19 19
Nevada 18 21 21
New Hampshire 18 18 19
New Jersey 18 27 27
New Mexico 18 21 21
New York 16 18 18
North Carolina 18 21 19
North Dakota 18 20 18
Ohio 18 21 21
Oklahoma 18 19 19
Oregon 18 25 23
Pennsylvania 18 N/A No Parole 21
Rhode Island 18 N/A No Parole 19
South Carolina 18 21 18
South Dakota 18 21 21
Tennessee 18 21 21
Texas 18 19 18
Utah 18 21 21
Vermont 18 22 22
Virgin Islands 18 21 21
Virginia 18 (16 if emancipated) 21 21
Washington 18 21 21
West Virginia 18 N/A No Parole 21
Wisconsin 18 25 19
Wyoming 18 N/A No Parole 21