The Interstate Commission for Juveniles is established to fulfill the objectives of the Compact, through means of joint cooperative action among the Compacting states to promote, develop and facilitate a uniform standard that provides for the welfare and protection of juveniles, victims and the public by governing the Compacting states’ transfer of supervision of juveniles, temporary travel of defined offenders and return of juveniles who have absconded, escaped, fled to avoid prosecution or run away.
The Interstate Commission for Juveniles, the governing body of the Interstate Compact for Juveniles, through means of joint and cooperative action among the compacting states, preserves child welfare and promotes public safety interests of citizens, including victims of juvenile offenders, by providing enhanced accountability, enforcement, visibility, and communication in the return of juveniles who have left their state of residence without permission and in the cooperative supervision of delinquent juveniles who travel or relocate across state lines.
The Interstate Commission for Juveniles will promote public safety, victims' rights, and juvenile accountability that is balanced with safeguarding those juveniles.
The Interstate Commission for Juveniles values:
- We honor the Compact’s spirit of communication, collaboration and mutual respect among all parties in the Compact.
- We hold ourselves accountable to our compact agreements.
- We expect and support continuous knowledge and skill development.
- We seek sustainability of ICJ via leadership development and national visibility.
- We ensure that everything we do supports the outcomes stated in our mission.
Following the initial success revising the Interstate Compact for Supervision of Parolees and Probationers (revised into the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision), the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) pursued a similar rewrite of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles. In 1999, OJJDP conducted a detailed survey which uncovered a number of contentious issues within the Compact's structure.
Along with the Council of State Governments (CSG), OJJDP determined that a revision of the existing compact as the only option for long-term change. In 2001, CSG worked with OJJDP and the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators (AJCA) to develop and facilitate a drafting team of state officials to begin the design of a revised juvenile compact.
In 2002 after finalizing the Compact's language, an educational campaign began to help state's policymakers better appreciate and understand the need for a new Compact. By 2003, the new Juvenile Compact became available for introduction in the states. Throughout that year, twelve states adopted the revised Compact.
The new Compact reached its thirty-five state threshold when Tennessee and Illinois enacted in 2008, allowing for transition and operational activities to commence. Since the first Commission meeting in December of 2008, every state and two territories have joined the new Compact.
- ICJ Resource Kit, Historical Overview prepared by The Council for State Governments (2002)
- Background and History, Presentation by John Mountjoy, CSG Director of Policy and Research (2008)
- "Keeping Track - Updated Compact Keeps Juvenile Offenders from Falling through the Cracks," NCIC Connections (2009)
- "Tracking Movement of Kids Keeps Them, and Communities, Safer," Capitol Ideas (2010)